Anatomy and Physiology B (Bioenergetics) BSC201 Online Course

Human Anatomy B Online Course Sale!
Full Fee $595.00 incl GST - Best Value!
Payment Plan $800.00 incl GST
Duration 100 hrs (12 months)
Exam Optional
Tutor Support Yes unlimited by email
Qualification Certificate

Human Anatomy. This course is essential study for an in-depth understanding of human anatomy. Lessons include surface anatomy, regional and systemic anatomy and radiographic anatomy and cytology.

This course assumes a basic understanding of anatomy, and is an ideal follow on from Human Anatomy and Physiology BSC101.

Course Aims:

  • Describe and understand the microscopic anatomical features of human cells
  • Review basic structure and form markings of the body and be able to name them.
  • Describe the significant systems and the structure of those systems of the body.
  • Integumentary, Nervous, Cardiovascular and Renal Systems.
  • Describe the significant systems and the structure of those systems of the body.
  • Endocrine, Immune and Reproductive Systems.
  • Describe the significant structures in specific compartments or parts of the body – body cavities.
  • Investigate the anatomy of the extremities – the arms and legs. This includes the bone, musculature and nervous tissue of the regions.
  • Describe the study of the structure of the body and the application of various forms of medical imaging.


Detailed Course Outline

There are 7 Lessons in this course:

Energy and Work

  • Anaerobic energy supply
  • Phosphate energy
  • Lactic acid energy
  • Adenosine triphosphate
  • Aerobic energy supply
  • Energy requirements fordifferent types of activity
  • Breathing during exercise
  • ATP movement
  • ATP sources
  • ATP-PC system
  • Lactic acid system
  • Oxygen system
  • Aerobic systems
  • Krebs cycle

Energy Pathways

  • Energy
  • The nature of energy
  • Units of measurement
  • Production and storage of energy
  • Carbohydrates in an animal or human body
  • Gycogenesis
  • Glycogenolysis
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Hyperglycaemia
  • Carbohydrate oxidation
  • Glycolysis
  • Hydrolysis
  • Hydrolysis of metal salts
  • Hydrolysis of an ester link
  • Energy production pathways from different foods: fats, carbohydrates, proteins
  • Respiratory quotient
  • Resting quotient
  • Aerobic capacity
  • What happens during exercise
  • Recovery from exercise: Alactacid and lantacid oxygen debt, Replenishing muscular glycogen
  • Lactic acid

The Acid-Base Balance

  • pH
  • What is acidity
  • The urinary system: Kidneys, ureters, bladder
  • Physiology of the Urinary system
  • The urea cycle

Osmosis and Diffusion

  • Diffusion explained and examples given
  • Nature and types of diffusion
  • Movement of molecules through cell membranes
  • Endocytosis
  • Membranes and their structure
  • Osmosis
  • Osmosis and filtration
  • Membrane transport: simple passive, active and facilitated transport
  • Chemical potential
  • Osmotic pressure
  • Reverse osmosis

Atmospheric Pressure

  • Altitudes
  • Introduction to atmospheric pressure
  • Partial pressure gradients
  • Effects of change in pressure
  • Equalising when diving
  • Gas solubility
  • Breathing at different atmospheric pressures
  • Calculations

Temperature Regulation

  • Effect of temperature changes on the body
  • Conduction and convection
  • Lowering temperature: sweating, vasodilation, metabolic reduction, hair, behaviour
  • Raising temperature
  • Vasoconstriction
  • Increased metabolism
  • Behaviour
  • Effect of temperature on enzymes
  • Ecrine glands
  • Apocrine glands
  • Energy production
  • Factors affecting individual BMR: growth, body size, food, thyroid gland
  • Fever: mechanism of fever, shivering, other temperature disorders
  • Grades of fever
  • Signs of fever

Ergogenic Aids to Performance

  • Drugs: steroids, amphetamines
  • Oxygen
  • Vitamins
  • Water
  • Other foods: carbohydrates, protein
  • Creatine
  • Caffeine
  • Antioxidants

When you have completed the lessons of your Certificate course, you will be given the option of taking the optional exam. It's okay if you don't want the exam, we still issue your Careerline Certificate. For Advanced Certificates however, the exam is compulsory (per module) and are included in the course fee.

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    Course Tutor(s)

    Our science courses are taught by a range of different tutors depending on the area of expertise.  We have specialised tutors in environmental science, animal (veterinary) science, human nutrition and health science and so on.  At enrollment you will be assigned your tutor who is an expert in that field.  You will receive a welcome email from them within 1 - 2 days of enrollment so you will be able to contact them as soon as you need to.

    Some subjects such as biochemistry are an integral part of many sciences including animal (veterinary science), human health science and many parts of environmental science.  We have many experienced tutors who are qualified to teach introductory biochemistry.  Depending upon your particular interest in biochemistry we will assign a tutor in the appropriate field at enrollment.

    About Careerline Courses

    Careerline (or CLC) has been in business since 2011. We offer over 360 online short courses with great features such as self-paced study, the choice of online or correspondence (just pick printed material when enrolling) study all with full tutor support from our incredibly talented tutors.

    Our mission is to provide affordable, flexible education to anyone, anywhere, anytime! We believe that education should be available to all and that no education is wasted.  We are passionate about giving straight up advice on what are the best options for our future students and if we don’t think a course if right for your purposes we’ll tell you.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Can I pay in installments?

    Yes! We offer great payment plans, however full payment up front is the cheapest. You can choose the best payment plan for you from the course page, or call us on 07 55368782 to talk to one of our course consultants for a custom plan.

    Can I study from anywhere in the world?

    We have many international students. Careerline's range of courses are suitable for any one, anywhere in the world.

    Do I get a discount if I enroll in a second course?

    Yes. You may claim a 5% fee discount when you enroll in a second course, and a further 10% off a three-course package.


    Do I have to sit an Exam?

    No. If you are enrolled in a Certificate course (100hrs), the exam is optional. You will be issued with a certificate which proves that you are competent in all units, if you choose not to sit the exam.

    Do you have set start dates?

    There are no set start dates, you may start at any time. Our courses are all self-paced. As our home page says, ‘Courses for Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime’. ‘Anytime’ includes the start time of your choice. However, we do encourage our students to submit assignments on a regular basis. Wherever possible, we suggest developing a study routine.